Hi. I’m Gill at www.engvid.com, and today’s
lesson is about what are called homonyms. And don’t worry about the change word. All
it means is words which have the same sound, the same pronunciation, but there are different
spellings of them, and the different spelling has a different meaning. Okay. So, I think
there’s sometimes a bit of confusion about whether these words are actually pronounced
differently, as well as being spelt differently. But the point about homonyms is they are pronounced
exactly the same, and it’s only the spelling that’s different. Okay, so we have
10 little quizzes for you, here. So, the first one. I’ve put in a gap to give
you a chance to think of the word and the spelling yourself. So, for
this sentence, it should read: “There was a __________ in the road, and it
took a __________ group of workmen to fix it.” Okay, so for the word
hole/whole, there are two different spellings. So, can you think what
kind of hole/whole this is, the hole/whole in the road; and what kind of hole/whole this
is, a hole/whole group of people? Okay. I’ll just give you a few seconds to think, and
you might like to write it down if you have a pencil and paper handy. Okay, so a “hole” in the road,
meaning something that needs to be repaired is spelt like
that, h-o-l-e. Okay? But a “whole”, meaning a total group of workmen is like this, only with a “w” at the
beginning, so: “whole”, and the pronunciation is exactly the same. Hole in the road, whole
group of workmen. There’s no difference in how you say it. Okay, good. Right, second one: “Do you
__________ where my phone is?” And then somebody else replies: “I’m
sorry, __________ I don’t.” So: “Do you no/know?” and “no/know I don’t”,
so I’ll just give you a couple of seconds to think about the two different
spellings of that. Okay. So: “Do you know where
my phone is?” Okay. K-n-o-w. Okay. That’s one of our famous
silent letters, the “k” at the beginning. So, k-n-o-w to “know” something:
-“Do you know where my phone is?” -“I’m sorry, no”, just
the negative “no”, n-o. So, you can see n-o is in the
middle of k-n-o-w, and the negative there, no. Okay. Right, the third one: “Yesterday I __________ where I had put my
__________ coat. Today I have forgotten.” So, you can see I’m
forgetting things, I’m losing things. I don’t usually. It’s just
for the quiz, really. I try not to forget things, I try not to lose things,
but it happens sometimes. Okay. So: “Yesterday I new/knew where I had put my new/knew coat.
Today I have forgotten.” Where is it? Oh, dear. So: “Yesterday I knew”, okay, so another one. It’s
the past tense of “know”, “knew”, another silent “k”. “I knew where I put my new coat.”
The new coat, which I only bought a few days ago. Okay? So, again, those are the spellings,
but the sound is exactly the same. Right. Next one: “I don’t know __________
I’m going to __________ this hat.” So this word is wear/where
in two different spellings. “I don’t know wear/where I’m going
to wear/where this hat.” Okay? So, that’s “where”, in what place, like the question
word: Where? Where shall I wear…? Okay? “I don’t know where
I’m going to…” Okay, so that’s a slightly different…
W-e-a-r. To “wear”, to put something on.
“Where” and “wear”. Okay, and then finally
from this first five: “Can you wait __________ me, please? I
shouldn’t be more than __________ minutes.” “For/four” and “for/four”.
Okay? So, f-o-r: “…wait for me”, and then the number of
minutes, we don’t just put the figure because that’s cheating, we put the word. Okay? “Four” minutes, so f-o-u-r for the word.
Okay, so I hope you’ve enjoyed that so far, and we will
now move on to another five. Okay, our next five.
So, the first one: “The boy __________ the ball
__________ the window.” Okay? So he must have
broken the window doing that. “The boy threw/through the ball threw/through
the window.” Same pronunciation, different spelling. Can you think
what the two are? Okay, so, “threw”, that’s
the past tense of “to throw”, an irregular verb. So,
to throw, he threw in the past. “The boy threw the ball
threw/through the window.” Oops. Quite a difficult spelling, that one.
T-h-r-o-u-g-h. Okay. “…through the window.” Right. Next one: “Our __________”,
that’s the post. “Our mail is usually delivered
by a __________ postal worker,” -I couldn’t put “postman”
there, because what we usually call them is postman, but
that’s saying the same thing twice, a mail/male postal worker-“but today it was a woman.” Ha.
Okay? So, mail/male is usually delivered by a mail/male postal worker. Can you think
what the two spellings are? Okay, so, m-a-i-l and m-a-l-e. And, of course, the female… Well,
“male”, “female”, so woman is the word “male” with “fe” on the front: “female”.
Okay. Right. Okay. Next one: “Don’t leave your baby __________ out
in the __________, he will get burnt!” This is especially in
very hot countries. In the UK, you don’t have to say this kind
of thing very much, because we don’t get a lot of sunshine. Okay, but in other countries,
yes, you might need to say this quite a lot. So: “Don’t leave your baby sun/son out in
the sun/son, he will get burnt!” Okay, can you think of the two spellings for that? Right,
so your baby, if your baby is a boy, then he’s your “son”, s-o-n. But then the “sun”
that shines is-oops-s-u-n. Okay? Right. Next one. Now, this is about someone, perhaps
a little girl who’s not very happy, and she’s being a nuisance.
So, somebody says: “Please give her a __________ of chocolate,
and then we might have some __________.” Meaning peace and
quiet, she won’t bother us now if we give her some chocolate, a piece/peace
of chocolate, then we will have some piece/peace. Peaceful. Okay? So, can you think of the two
spellings, there? Piece/peace of chocolate, have some piece/peace and quiet.
Okay, so… So, p-i-e-c-e for the little
“piece” of chocolate, or maybe a big piece of chocolate, hopefully.
We like big pieces of chocolate, yeah. Okay, and then to have some
“peace” and quiet, p-e-a-c-e. Okay, but the
pronunciation, exactly the same. Different spelling. Right. And then finally, this
is in a sports race: “The race between the two men has just finished
– I wonder which __________ __________?” Which one/won one/won.
Okay. Can you think what they are? One/won. Which one/won of the
men one/won the race? Okay? Right, so: “Which one” is the number “one” spelt o-n-e, but
the verb “to win” in the past tense: he “won” the race. Okay? So that’s w-o-n.
So: “…which one won?” Right. So, I hope you found that helpful and interesting.
And if you’d like to test yourself further, you can go to the website, www.engvid.com, where
there is a quiz to test you further on this. And if you enjoyed this lesson, perhaps
you’d like to subscribe to my channel on YouTube. So, okay, well, thanks for watching
and hope to see you again soon. Bye for now.